Internet of Things represents a general concept that revolves around network devices which sense and collect data from other tech gadgets and shares that data through the web to be processed and utilized for different purposes.
Internet of Things (IoT) is expected to completely transform how computer networks will be used in coming times, according to most analysts. Many commercial applications of IoT technology are in vogue presently especially in the world of manufacturing.
Some future consumer applications envisioned for IoT are reminiscent of science fiction and yet incredibly practical and realistic. Here are some ways how IoT can matter to our daily lives:
- Receipt of warnings on your phone or wearable device in the event of physical danger
- Self-parking cars and automobiles
- Automatic grocery orders and other supplies
- Automatic tracking of health and fitness along with personal activity, goal tracking and regular progress reports
IoT is presently used for location tracking of individual pieces of inventory in the manufacturing industry and even helps in fuel savings from intelligent systems connected to gas-powered engines. New and improved safety controls for people working in harsh conditions are also devised using IoT.
Network Devices and IoT
All kinds of household gadgets can be configured to an IoT system including network adapters, motion sensors, moveable cameras, microphones and the like. Home automation systems are already implementing basic versions of this concept for controlling electrical lighting, appliances and even wireless blood pressure monitors.
Based on Gartner’s recent research report, there will be more than 26 billion connected devices by 2020 worldwide. According to the IoT approach, all major electronic devices as well as sensor-driven gadgets can be connected to other similar gadgets. Any system based on IoT is designed to make devices completely functional in real time where devices use internet to connect and communicate with each other. The devices are able to mention the prior specified requirement to the other connected devices. Based on the requirement and established communication between devices, they generate lots of information that ease us in our day to day tasks.
IoT-based systems use sensors to acquire data from natural triggers including weather, temperature, light, pressure, sound and motion. The sensors fall under the category of microelectromechanical system and they are designed similarly as microprocessors.
IoT applications in different domains include:
Smart food/water monitoring: Sensors can observe water sustainability in river and find out if it is drinkable or not.
Smart Health: Body sensor network can measure motion, vital signs and record the activity.
Smart living: While shopping, sensors can get the data at the point of sale according to customer habits, and preferences to increase sales.
Smart Environment Monitoring System: combustion gases and other fire conditions can be monitored.
Issues around IoT and the Future
- There are some concerns about the privacy of personal data. If detailed health and personal data stream over wireless networks, it can lead to obvious concerns on its usage.
- Supplying power to proliferation of IoT devices and network connections can be expensive and logistically difficult
- Energy costs to keep billions of IoT devices running remains high.
- While competition in the market helps in lowering prices of IoT-based consumer products, it can also add to the confusion too.
- People have diverse needs and the IoT systems will simultaneously grow to adapt to different situations and preferences. If people become too reliant on this automation, any technical glitches might lead to havoc or physical and/or financial damage.
There might be some glitches and issues that revolve around the concept but IoT is still gathering speed in implementation. It is bound to reach the masses and in time, even the issues surrounding the concept will meet possible scenarios and solutions.